Didactics and Teaching

The teaching and learning process at FMIPA UNJ consist of compulsory units with measurable workloads. Each course is associated with the Course Learning Outcome (CLO) which consist of special skills and abilities to achieve the Programme Learning Outcome (PLO). Each course may contribute to several PLOs. To achieve the CLO, each course may employ various teaching and learning methods. According to the Higher Education Law (Permendikbud No.3/2020), the teaching and learning methods used in higher education includes group discussions, simulations, case studies/case based learning, collaborative learning, cooperative learning, project based learning, problem based learning, etc. In accordance with the Freedom of Learning (MBKM), students can take various learning activities such as tutorials, seminars, practicums, research, workshops, student exchange, internship, entrepreneurship, and community services. 

NoTypes of Learning ActivitiesTeaching MethodsExample of Courses
1LectureLecturing, discussion, collaborative and cooperative learning, problem-based learning, project-based learning, case-based learningBasic Mathematics, General Physics, teaching methodology, assessment, and others
2PracticumProject-based learningProgramming Algorithm, Numerical Method, Elementary Physics Practicum, Modern Physics Practicum, etc.
3FieldworkProject-based learningInternship, Teaching Experience or Teaching Practice Skill, etc

Each course uses various instruments and methods of teaching and learning designed to support the Learning Outcome (LO). This is translated in the Module course  (RPS). Some of the instruments used are for examples printed medias, electronic medias, and  e-learning. The teaching and learning methods used include for examples the Teacher Centred Learning (TCL in the forms of lecturing, demonstrations, and practicum) combined with the Student Centred Learning (SCL, such as group discussions, and problem based learning) and research methodology (for examples literature review, identifying gaps in research, writing research proposal and research reports, writing and presenting research papers). Student based learning allows students to use their knowledge and understanding independently and with proper guidance, students can develop their problem solving skills. Students could make connections between theories and practice. On the other hand, the cooperative learning (CL) promotes students to work in groups to solve problems. Case based learning support students to actively participate in a discussion which focuses on exploring a case with different perspectives. This method support students’ critical thinking and problem solving skills through analysing real cases. Project based learning (PjBL) provides learning opportunities for the students through exploring and investigating a project. Students can work on their project individually or in a group within a period of time – could take one week to one semester. The outcome of the learning can be in a form of product design or presentation. The other method often used is skill based learning such as lab work where students are trained to be independent, creative thinker,  and able to work in groups. In implementing the Freedom of Learning (MBKM), UNJ has a policy to make the Teaching Practicum Programme (PKM) and Internship (PKL) as MBKM activities, each is weighted 20 SKS (30 ECTS).  The MBKM activities are fully off-campus, that is in a partner institution. The students are supervised by lecturers and field supervisor. The teaching and learning methods used during the off-campus programs are mainly Project based learning and case based learning. The lecturer and field supervisor assess students’ performance and mark their progress at the end of the semester. The Indonesian language is mainly used during the teaching and learning process. Some specific courses such as English use English as the language of instruction. Most of the learning resources such as textbooks, references, journal articles, videos, are in English. Sometimes, the Teaching and learning involve international guest lectures and experts in which English is used as the language of instruction. During the teaching and learning, the lecturers could use various learning methods and learning kits that suitable to the characteristics of the courses. The Module course s help the lecturers to assure the quality of teaching and learning process through student centred learning that is interactive, holistic, scientific, collaborative and practical. The lecturer’s role include designing  curriculum, setting teams of instructors, formulating instructional contracts, study plans, assessing students’ learning and evaluating the learning process. The members of the instructor teams are some lecturers with similar backgrounds and expertise.  The lecturer assess students’ learning through assignments and examinations (e.g. midterm exam, final exam, quizzes, assignments). The examinations are conducted during the scheduled periods. The test items are to measure the achievement of the CLOs and the PLOs. The teams of instructor develop the tests which are validated by some validators. The quality of the teaching and learning process and the achieved CLO and PLO are monitored by the Faculty’s Quality Assurance Unit (GPJM). The monitoring of the teaching and learning process and the achieved CLO is conducted within the first three weeks of the semester and during the mid and end of the semester. The GPJM uses student questionnaire through the academic information system (SIAKAD). The results report of the monitoring of each course and each lecturer (Lecturer Evaluation by Students or EDOM) is given to the faculty and study programmes. The faculty and study programmes use the evaluation to design programs for lecturers’ professional development such as educational trainings, ICT skills workshops, laboratory workshops, etc. These programmes support lecturers to upgrade their competence in accordance with the students’ LO achievements. Furthermore, the faculty also supports the lecturers with conducive academic  atmosphere, such as organizing various scientific seminars and conferences, internet access, proper and convenient working space.